Sadness Never Loneliness: A self-portrait of the artist as a desperate bride, addressing the cultural expectation that every young woman desires marriage. Image: Uldus Bakhtiozina
A 12-year-old boy in a Stormtrooper helmet – and a tutu. A hulking man wearing a pre-Raphaelite collar of Barbie dolls. A bride standing wistfully in a garden, her face obscured by a wrestling mask. Russian photo-based artist Uldus Bakhtiozina’s whimsical and surreal images — which feature models as well as herself — raise an eyebrow at identity, gender and cultural stereotypes with humor and thoughtfulness. Exquisitely detailed and lit like classical paintings, her images reveal a vulnerability in her heavily costumed subjects, offering layers of meaning and emotion. At TED2014, we spoke to Uldus about her work and worldview. Below, an edited transcript of our conversation.
Tell us about yourself and how you got started.
I found my way to photography six years ago. At the time, I was doing my art degree in England. There I was, surrounded with so many stereotypes around my nationality, which made me smile and feel inspired at the same time. That’s why I started with self-portraits: I wanted to lay open those stereotypes and change people’s perceptions.
After I graduated from high school in Russia at 16, I studied politics, but I didn’t finish, because I realized that’s not the thing I want to do. So I moved to London for art school and studied at St Martin’s. My first degree was in graphic design. Afterwards, I did a degree in photography. I worked as a graphic designer, then as an art director, while in the process of evolving as a professional photographer. I tried different disciplines: porcelain sculpture, oil painting, illustrations, mixed media. My exploration of the arts helped me to realize that photography is the best tool to express my ideas. That’s what I do now, and what I want to do for the rest of my life.
How did you stumble on photography after trying other media? And why do you describe yourself as a photo-based artist rather than as a straight photographer?
I don’t think there is a straight photographer in the world. Photography is a tool for sending a message, not just for capturing a moment or for fashion. I describe my way of photography creation as hand-touched within the picture. I stitch costumes, glue backgrounds, draw and even cook sometimes to create the whole composition. I shoot on film, with a Pentax 67-II. This makes the process much longer than digital photography. There it is hand-touched again. I develop prints and scan them again, so the whole process of one image can take up to three months or longer.
Your portraits seem to bring out people’s internal conflicts, and put them out there for all to see. You must get to know people quite well before you take a picture.
Yes. Normally, I meet with my models a lot before I photograph them. We talk, we hang out. I want them to feel warm and relaxed, and to trust me. My last project involved mostly young men. In the Russian mentality, heterosexual guys don’t really like to pose. For them to dress up or be confronted with a camera, it’s kind of doing something girly. To convince them to be my models was an issue. Their occupations are many, but all of them came to my exhibition and brought their friends. I was happy about this, because I could integrate people who are typically so far away from each other’s subcultures — some of them far from the arts field. There were punks, architects, dancers, anarchists, illustrators, graphic designers, hairdressers, old-school skinheads, all mixed together. That was the most amazing thing. I feel that my art should give a smile and positive energy.
Why is that important to you?
We already have so much negativity around us, and I want to balance this. People sometimes create very negative tragedy art — about war, illness, revolution, politics. And while this can motivate people to move toward more positive things, generally, when you open up any social network or news blog, there is bad news, bad news, bad news. I believe in motivation by creating something positive. Negative and positive emotions should be balanced.
I want to give to my audience a little bit of fairytale. I consider my photography something that makes people happier. Like a meditation. I’m happy to hear people say that they can look at my photo work for hours and they feel healed.
Artist and perpetual tourist Jorge Mañes Rubio makes art inspired by the unexplored, ignored, and abandoned places on Earth. (Read more about his current project to create a micronation in an underprivileged Amsterdam neighborhood here.) After TED2014, he stayed on in Vancouver to explore, and found a few spots you wouldn’t likely see on the beaten path, from a derelict floating McDonald’s to a Sikh temple.
“I was lucky to be able to spend some time in Vancouver after TED2014,” says Rubio. “I didn’t want to leave without having the chance to get to know the city a little bit better, from well known spots in downtown to hidden gems outside the city. During the very busy week at TED it’s hard to find time to explore the city, so if you didn’t have the chance, here are a few interesting places I came across in a post-TED state of mind…”
The McBarge was the first floating McDonald’s location in the world, built for Expo ‘86 in Vancouver. It was moored on Expo grounds in Vancouver’s False Creek, showcasing the newest technology and architecture. The restaurant was designed by Robert Allan Ltd. and was one of five McDonald’s locations on the Expo grounds. Although the floating design allowed for the barge to operate in a new location following the exhibition, the derelict McBarge has since been abandoned and anchored in Burrard Inlet. This abandoned floating restaurant reminds me of many other great structures and buildings built for very specific events – Expos and Olympics – all over the world, which a few years later fail to find a second purpose and end up forgotten in decay.
The gigantic Chevron Gas Refinery Substation is probably the most impressive industrial landscape you can find in Vancouver. It has been operational since the petroleum company set up operations in Canada in 1935. Here, crude and synthetic oils, condensate and butanes are transformed into 50,000 to 55,000 barrels of motor gasolines, diesel, jet fuels, asphalts and propane every day.
While the roots of Vancouver’s Chinese community go back a long way, there have been large migrations from Hong Kong and China in the past 30 years. I’m always very interested in ancient Asian culture, temples and rituals, and the Dr Sun Yat-Sen Classical Chinese Garden was definitely worth the visit. Vancouver’s Chinese Garden was built in 1985 and 1986, inspired by the principles and techniques of the original Ming dynasty garden, creating a huge contrast with the city’s landscape. Even though this is a public garden, it was surprisingly quiet compared to the much busier Chinatown, right on the other side of the walls.
A few stops on the Skytrain and you’ll go from downtown’s high skyscrapers to real suburban neighborhoods. This was the most unique and authentic house I found, right across my friend’s place. It reminded me of many other pictures I’ve seen in suburban American neighborhoods such as in Detroit. Unfortunately, I didn’t get the chance to talk to the owners to find out more about this house and its story, because there must be something special about this place. By the way, even if they might seem small, most of these houses are divided, with different tenants on the ground and first floors.
After taking a wrong turn on the highway in Richmond, I ended up in the Nanak Sar Gurdwara Gursikh Temple. This is a place of worship for Sikhs, but its location and architecture adds a great deal of uniqueness to the temple. Its bright colors, flags and plaster animals got my attention as soon as I drove by. Located pretty much in the middle of nowhere, it features all kinds of decorative elements such as lions, elephants, fountains… My first thought was that it might be an exotic theme park, till I drove into the parking lot and saw the elegant and colorful clothes people were wearing. Turns out that it was Sunday morning, probably the busiest time for a Gurdwara. At that time I didn’t know, but Gurdwaras are open to everybody, despite your religion, age or sex. I didn’t dare go into the building, but I had time to take a few pictures and enjoy what ended up being one of the most unexpected sceneries during my trip.
Gabriella Gomez-Mont receives the 2014 TED Fellows Hero Award. Photo: Ryan Lash
At TED2014, Fellows director Tom Rielly presented the 2014 Fellows Hero Award to 2009 inaugural Fellow and Senior Fellow Gabriella Gomez-Mont, arts-and-culture curator turned Chief Creativity Officer for Mexico City. The award recognizes outstanding service to the Fellows community, an exemplary member who takes the time to work with, create opportunities for and build collaborations with other Fellows. We were delighted to catch up with Gomez-Mont at the conference to congratulate her, and to find out how she’s settling into her new role as director of Laboratorio para la Ciudad, Mexico City`s brand-new creative think tank that is revisioning the city as an international vortex for creative and multidisciplinary urban thinking.
Were you surprised to receive the TED Fellows Hero Award?
I was completely surprised and blown away. I really did not see it coming this time around. I’m grateful and touched and inspired and all sorts of other things. Taghi Amirani [who won the award at TED2013] and I were saying we now have to go buy a billowing cape and get ourselves into all sorts of heroic adventures.
How is your new job unfolding for you?
It’s unfolding very quickly and at an amazing pace. I’m very excited about getting a better and better sense of everything that’s possible working from within government structures–structures that cover the whole city–creating collaborations across borders and disciplines. In these last months, I’ve been transitioning into a completely new space; before TED I was very much interested in multidisciplinary work within arts and culture, but now the conversations, tools, methodologies and input come from an even wider array of disciplines. And now it is the city itself that must become a surface for ideas, for experimentation, and Mexico City’s creative ethos must be let loose into other areas, beyond those usually thought of as “creative fields.” I also find it fascinating to think of government as a place to catalyze all of this. It is both seemingly a counterintuitive yet also very powerful idea. Imagination is not a luxury, I will say over and over again.
Many of the things that are coming into play have been inspired by the conversations I have had in recent years with people from all sorts of fields and walks of life. When I got Senior Fellowship, for example, I kept meeting such inspirational amazing people at TED — both the speakers but also the Fellows themselves and the people that attend the conference. As a result, I’ve become more interested each time in blowing open what “multidisciplinary” means and starting to work in new ways.
It’s been a very interesting exercise, extrapolating all the lessons that there are in the arts and culture space, working with narrative and metaphor and creative methodologies, but now applying them to the urban space itself, to social practices, and to this hybrid world in the making–between government and civil society–which is our lab. So now instead of it being a museum or an art project, the city — the whole delirious and intricate megalopolis — becomes the site for invention, the space to infiltrate our questions.
Tell us about some of the initiatives you’ve been working on.
I was hired about a year ago, but it took awhile for me to get a team together and figure out the administrative and legal structure, as well as the funding. It comes with inventing a non-existing government office from scratch, I guess. So, in fact, the Lab has only been operating for the last six months, and we had our first budget allocated in December 2013. Momentum has really sped up since then. My team is multidisciplinary in nature. I have architects and artists, designers, urban psychologists, historians, writers, internationalists — a motley crew for sure. It’s lots of fun.
We have very wide mandate, and so we decided we had to design constraints for ourselves (a beautiful problem to have) and to work in the framework of what we are calling “provocations”: open-ended questions that spin off events, interventions, pilots, workshops, and so on. Our Provocation no. 001 is “Government as Platform”; Provocation no. 002, Walkable Megalopolis; Provocation no. 003: Urban Imaginaries and Residual Spaces; Provocation no. 004: Sharable City. I could go on. I won’t. There are around 10 of them, and we’re opening them up slowly.
I must say we have had a fantastic response from civic society and press, as well as huge government support, specially from our mayor. Our first civic hackathon filled up in 4 days: we hosted 500 young programmers, with more than 200 people on the waiting list. We’ve just had our first conference on the walkable city, which was filled to the brim with 500 people — standing-room only, projects and pilots to follow. Our international guests were really surprised with the civic energy in Mexico City. In terms of open government, we are already working with 13 ministries, and the legal department just jumped on board. It told us it wants to put Mexico City on the map with the most progressive legislation on the subject. Very exciting.
The core question is, how do you put out these themes that can be very complex but also make them engaging, and gather passionate communities around them, within and outside of government? How do we create a culture of great ideas and swift implementation?
One of our next experiments will be “Mexico City: The Largest Dance Floor in the World,” for which I received a grant from the TED City 2.0 Prize. It’s a citywide happening and competition that will bring together Mexico City’s love for public space and crazy street dancing, and will offer a different way of thinking about health-related urban culture, taking advantage of the natural energy and effervescence that the city has while tackling the obesity related problems we are also facing.
It sounds like you’re trying to get conversations started, circulating ideas so that the ideas create momentum for change to happen.
Absolutely. One of the most important experiments coming from the lab is how to start marrying interesting public policy with unbound social energy, articulating common efforts. How can we start identifying the interesting things that are happening within government — such as its interest in making the city more walkable, or more healthy or so on, and surround these initiatives with active communities and provocative accomplices? Projects and themes must function as strange attractors and form multilayered realities. Government lays the groundwork. Social energy gives public policy a grounding in reality instead of it hovering above our heads as law. Academia gives it depth, a framing device and a language. Private initiative funds, promotes, shares values. Instigators drive the questioning two notches further, into more unexplored terrain. We at the Lab bring together, articulate, pilot, experiment, rethink, provoke.
It’s truly a collaborative process, very much about co-creating the reality of the city. It’s different type of city, beyond the pragmatic precepts of modernism and into the experiential city, the human-scale city, the creative city. At the Lab, we truly believe that cities nowadays should not only house the human body but also the human imagination.
You’ve often talked about involving people from all over the world in this project, including TED Fellows. What about all the creative people in Mexico City who want to be involved?
The thing is, this is not about an either/or in terms of local versus global. Nowadays, the city cannot necessarily be defined by its borders. On the contrary, it’s about how many bridges, how porous and intensely connected it is within itself and with other cities.
One number that doesn’t often get thrown out often is that 90% of the new cities and the megacities of the future are going to be in the emerging world, so many of them are going to be a lot like Mexico City. We are an emerging-world city–with all the challenges that entails–yet Mexico City is also the eighth largest economy in the world, plus it is truly one of the most fascinating places on Earth. So it’s the perfect ground to pilot futures — to instigate international conversations that are very relevant not only to ourselves, but to a whole populous worldwide.
One of the changes we’ve been seeing in the last decade is this contagious effect between cities. For example, you have a successful bike sharing program in Paris and suddenly we have it in Mexico City and we have it New York. It starts creating this worldwide momentum. So one of the things that we’re doing is actually marrying the most creative minds of Mexico City with the most creative minds that the world has as well–this new generation of provocative city thinkers from different disciplines–and then see what happens in that space of interaction and friction. It’s not necessarily about people coming to Mexico City to stand on the podium tell the people about the truth with the capital T, but creating a space for questions and passions, collaboration and mutual intoxication.
Das TED-Fellows-Programm ist auf der Suche nach 20 Innovatoren verschiedener Fachgebiete aus der ganzen Welt, die sich uns bei der TEDGlobal-2014-Konferenz in Rio de Janeiro, Brasilien, vom 2.-11. Oktober 2014 anschließen.
Anders als die meisten führungsorientierten Programme konzentrieren wir unsere Suche weniger auf Geschäftsleute und Fachkräfte, Bürokraten und Regierungsbeamte. Für das TED-Fellows-Programm suchen wir Macher und Vordenker, Erfinder und Befürwörter, Fotografen und Filmemacher, Musiker und Künstler, Wissenschaftler, Unternehmer, Leiter von NGOs und Menschenrechtsaktivisten. Es werden Bewerber aus allen möglichen Fachgebieten für das TED-Fellowship-Programm berücksichtigt; Persönlichkeiten, die sich durch ungewöhnliche Leistungsbereitschaft und Charakterstärke auszeichnen und die das Potential haben, positive Veränderungen in ihrem jeweiligen Arbeitsgebiet bewirken zu können.
Alle Bewerber müssen über 18 Jahre alt sein und fließend Englisch sprechen. Das TED-Fellows-Programm ist international und wir ermutigen insbesondere Bewerber aus Lateinamerika, sich für TEDGlobal-2014-Fellowship-Programm zu bewerben.
Über TEDGlobal 2014
Als Teil des TEDGlobal-2014-Fellowship-Programms schließen sich die Fellows der TED Community in Rio de Janeiro, Brasilien, vom 6.-10. Oktober 2014 an. Dort werden sie als reguläre Teilnehmer der TEDGlobal-2014-Konferenz beiwohnen und im Anschluss an einer dreitägigen Fellows-Konferenz teilnehmen, die speziell darauf abzielt, sie zu inspirieren, zu stärken und ihre Arbeit zu unterstützen. Auf dieser Konferenz werden die Fellows in den Genuss von qualitativ hochwertigen Weiterbildungsworkshops kommen und einen kurzen Vortrag vor der TED-Community halten, der gefilmt und für die Veröffentlichung auf TED.com in Betracht gezogen wird. TED übernimmt die Kosten für den Eintritt zur Konferenz, Hin-und-Rückreise nach Rio de Janeiro, Brasilien, sowie die Unterkunft und Verpflegung während der TEDGlobal-2014-Konferenz vom 2.-11. Oktober 2014.
Das TED-Fellowship-Programm bringt junge Innovatoren aus der ganzen Welt zusammen, damit diese sich über ihre Arbeit austauschen sowie neue Fertigkeiten erwerben und sich in der TED-Community einbringen können. TED wählt jedes Jahr mit Hilfe eines umfangreichen Bewerbungsprozesses eine Gruppe von 40 herausragenden Persönlichkeiten aus der ganzen Welt aus und lädt sie zur TED- oder TEDGlobal-Konferenz ein. Während der TED-Konferenz nehmen die Fellows an einer nicht-öffentlichen Fellows-Konferenz teil, bei der sie die Möglichkeit haben, sich kennenzulernen, Ideen auszutauschen und an Weiterbildungsseminaren teilzunehmen. Sie werden auch auf ein paar Überraschungen treffen. Die TED-Fellows haben ebenfalls die einmalige Chance, ihre außergwöhnlichen Ideen in einem eigenen TED-Vortrag auf der Konferenz zu präsentieren.
Das TED-Fellows-Programm ist mit einem weltweiten Netzwerk von 328 Persönlichkeiten aus 83 verschieden Ländern ein Treffpunkt für fachübergreifende Zusammenarbeit und Innovation.
Vorteile des Programms
Im Laufe des TED-Fellowship-Porgramms haben die Stipendianten Zugriff auf alle laufenden Programme. Sie können am kostenlosen SupporTED-Programm teilnehmen, bei dem ihnen professionnelles Coaching und Mentoring angeboten wird. Sie können mit einem PR-Experten zusammenarbeiten, der sich der Veröffentlichung ihrer neuesten Erfolge widmet, und sie haben die Möglichkeit, einen Vertrag mit einem PR- oder Literaturagenten zu unterschreiben. TED-Fellows sind in einem privaten Online-Netzwerk sehr aktiv, welches ihnen eine fachübergreifende Zusammenarbeit ermöglicht. Sie organisieren regionale Treffen und Ausflüge. Sie bauen auf dem “Funken”, den sie bei der TED-Konferenz erstmalig erlebt haben, auf. Die TED-Fellows haben die Möglichkeit, sich für ein erweitertes zweijähriges Senior-Fellowship-Programm zu bewerben und sich noch mehr in der TED-Community zu engagieren.
Chương trình Hội viên TED (TED Fellows) đang tìm kiếm 20 nhà sáng tạo hoạt động trong nhiều lĩnh vực và tạo nên những thay đổi tích cực trên khắp thế giới, để cùng chúng tôi tham gia TEDGlobal 2014, 2-11/10/2014 tại Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Khác với phần nhiều chương trình dành cho các nhà lãnh đạo, chúng tôi tìm kiếm những đối tượng đặc biệt hơn để tham gia vào chương trình này. Chương trình Hội viên TED không hướng tới giới kinh doanh, các chuyên gia, nhà nghiên cứu chính sách hay cán bộ chính phủ, mà thay vào đó là những người ‘xắn tay áo và làm,’ những nhà sáng chế, luật sư, nhà làm phim và nhiếp ảnh gia, nghệ sĩ, nhà khoa học, các chủ doanh nghiệp, người điều hành các tổ chức phi chính phủ, và các nhà hoạt động nhân quyền. Chúng tôi tuyển chọn các cá nhân xuất sắc cho chương trình Hội viên TED trên khắp mọi lĩnh vực, dựa trên lịch sử thành tích, khả năng tạo ra ảnh hưởng tích cực, và dựa trên nhân cách của họ.
Đối tượng đăng kí tham gia phải trên 18 tuổi và phải thông thạo tiếng Anh. Chương trình Hội viên TED là một “gia đình” quốc tế, và chúng tôi đặc biệt khuyến khích các ứng viên Mỹ Latin tham gia vào chương trình Hội viên TEDGlobal 2014.
Về TEDGlobal 2014
Là một thành viên của chương trình Hội viên TEDGlobal 2014, các Hội viên sẽ tham gia hội thảo TEDGlobal 2014 cùng cộng đồng TED tại Rio de Janeiro, Brazil từ 6-10/10/2014. Trước đó, họ cũng sẽ tham gia vào chương trình tiền hội thảo, kéo dài ba ngày dành riêng cho Hội viên, được thiết kế đặc biệt để truyền cảm hứng và hỗ trợ các bạn. Tại hội thảo, các Hội viên sẽ được tham gia vào các khóa học kĩ năng ngắn và trình bày một bài nói chuyện TED Talk nhỏ cho cộng đồng TED. Bài nói này sẽ được ghi hình và cân nhắc lựa chọn đưa lên trang TED.com. Hội viên sẽ được nhận vé tham dự Hội thảo, vé khứ hồi đến Rio de Janeiro, Brazil và đài thọ mọi chi phí ăn ở trong suốt thời gian diễn ra TEDGlobal 2014 từ 2-11/10/2014.
Chương trình Hội viên TED
Chương trình Hội viên TED qui tụ những nhà sáng tạo trẻ đến từ khắp nơi trên thế giới, tạo điều kiện cho các bạn chia sẻ công việc của mình, tham gia vào cộng đồng TED và học hỏi kĩ năng mới. Mỗi năm, TED chọn ra 40 cá nhân xuất sắc từ khắp nơi trên thế giới, thông qua một quá trình tuyển chọn gắt gao, để tham gia vào hội thảo TED hoặc TEDGlobal. Tại Hội thảo, các cá nhân này sẽ tham gia vào các chương trình tiền hội thảo, được tổ chức dành riêng cho các Hội viên TED, nhằm tạo điều kiện cho các bạn gặp gỡ lẫn nhau, chia sẻ ý tưởng, tham gia các khóa học xây dựng kĩ năng ngắn, và đón nhận một vài bất ngờ thú vị. Hội viên TED sẽ trình bày bài nói chuyện TED Talk của chính mình tại hội thảo – một cơ hội rất đặc biệt để các bạn lan truyền những ý tưởng độc đáo của mình.
Với mạng lưới toàn cầu gồm 328 hội viên đến từ 83 quốc gia, chương trình Hội viên TED đóng vai trò là một trung tâm thúc đẩy sáng tạo và hợp tác liên ngành.
Lợi ích khi tham gia chương trình
Với tư cách là Hội viên TED, các bạn có thể tham gia vào bất kì chương trình hiện có nào của chúng tôi: Hội viên được tham gia miễn phí vào SupportTED (TED ‘hỗ trợ’), một chương trình huấn luyện và tư vấn chuyên nghiệp; làm việc với một chuyên gia PR chuyên nghiệp, giúp bạn chia sẻ những thành tích mới nhất, và có khả năng giúp bạn kí hợp đồng diễn thuyết hoặc xuất bản sách. Hội viên TED được tham gia vào một mạng lưới ảo riêng đặc biệt sôi nổi, tạo nhiều thuận lợi cho việc hợp tác đa ngành. Các Hội viên trong cùng khu vực địa lý sẽ tổ chức gặp gỡ offline và đi nghỉ cùng nhau, nhằm phát triển thêm dựa trên nền tảng mà Hội thảo TED khơi dậy. Hội viên TED cũng có cơ hội đăng kí tuyển chọn Hội viên Cao cấp, chương trình cho phép các bạn thêm hai năm để gắn bó chặt chẽ thêm với cộng đồng TED.
אנחנו מחפשים מועמדים שונים מאשר תוכניות מוכוונות מנהיגות אחרות. במקום אנשי עסקים, אנשי מקצוע, קובעי מדיניות ופקידים ממשלתיים, תוכנית עמיתי TED מתמקדת באנשי מעשה, יוצרים, ממציאים, תומכים, יוצרי הסרטים וצלמים, מוזיקאים ואומנים, מדענים, יזמים, ראשי מלכ”רים, ופעילי זכויות אדם. אנחנו בוחרים אנשים לעמיתות TED ממגוון תחומים בהתבסס על הסטוריה השגים, על פוטנציאל העבודה שלהם ליצור השפעה חיובית ואופיים החזק.
מועמדים חייבים להיות בני לפחות 18 ולדבר אנגלית שוטפת. תוכנית עמיתי TED היא משפחה גלובלית ואנחנו בעיקר מעודדים מועמדים לטינו אמריקאים להגיש מועמדות לעמיתות TEDGlobal 2014.
על TEDGlobal 2014
כחלק מעמיתות TEDGlobal 2014 , עמיתים יצתרפו לקהילת TED בריו דה ג’נרו, ברזיל, ב 6-10 באוקטובר, 2014, שם הם ישתתפו ב TEDGlobal 2014 כמשתתפי כנס מלאים, שלפניהם שלושה ימים של כנס עמיתים שמתוכנן במיוחד לתת השראה, להעצים ולתמוך בעבודה שלהם. בכנס, עמיתים יהנו מסדנאות בונות כישורים ויעבירו הרצאה קצרה בפני קהילת TED, שמצולמת ותישקל לאתר TED.com. עמיתים מקבלים כרטיס כניסה לכנס, דמי נסיעה לריו דה ז’נרו, ברזיל ומגורים מלאים ל TEDGlobal 2014 מה 2 עד ה 11 באוקטובר, 2014.
תוכנית עמיתי TED
תוכנית עמיתי TED מחברת מחדשים צעירים מכל העולם כדי לחלוק את פועלם, כדי להשתתף בקהילת TED וללמוד כישורים חדשים. מידי שנה, TED בוחרים 40 אנשים יוצאי דופן מסביב לעולם דרך תהליך ההרשמה המורחב להשתתף בכנס TED או TEDGlobal. בכנס TED, עמיתים משתתפים בכנס מקדים אקסקלוסיבי שם הם נפגשים, חולקים רעיונות, משתתפים בסדנאות בונות כישורים ונתקלים בכמה הפתעות. עמיתי TED מציגים גם הרצאת TED משלהם בכנס – הזדמנות חסרת תקדים להפיץ אל הרעיונות יוצאי הדופן שלהם. עם רשת עולמית של 328 אנשים מ 83 מדינות, תוכנית עמיתי TED היא מוקד לשיתוף פעולה רב תחומי וחדשנות.
למשך חברותם בתוכנית העמיתים, עמיתים זכאים לגשת לכל התוכניות שלנו: העמיתים משתתפים ב SupporTED, תוכנית אימון והדרכה מקצועית ללא עלות. הם יוכלו לעבוד עם מומחה יחסי ציבור שמוקדש לעזור לחלוק את ההשגים האחרונים שלהם ויש להם את האפשרות לחתום עם סוכן הרצאות או סוכן ספרים. עמיתי TED הם מאוד אקטיביים ברשת מקוונת פרטית מיוחדת, שממנה יוצאים הרבה שיתופי פעולה חוצי תחומים. הם מארגנים פגישות וסדנאות אזוריות, בונים על הניצוץ הראשוני שהתפתח בכנס TED. לעמיתי TED יש הזדמנות להגיש מועמדות להרשם כעמיתים בכירים למעורבות נוספת של שנתיים בקהילת TED המורחבת.
For much of the past 20 years, architect and engineer Aziza Chaouni has been battling to restore the Fez River, which winds through the city’s medina – Fez’s historic medieval center and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Heavily contaminated and covered over with concrete to contain the smell, the Fez River had been all but forgotten in recent decades. Not anymore: Chaouni has succeeded in uncovering the river, by working with the city’s water department since 2007, and she is now restoring and reconnecting the riverbanks with the rest of the city, while creating open, green public spaces, allowing the medina to breathe again. At TED2014, we asked her to tell the story of this extraordinary task.
How did you begin the task of uncovering the Fez River?
The whole story actually started as my thesis at Harvard. My thesis advisor told me to do something “that you feel passionate about and that could make a difference.” For years, I’d seen the river in my hometown being desecrated, polluted and filled up with trash and rats. It had become an open sewer and a massive trash yard at the core of the city.
The Fez medina has about 250,000 inhabitants, and all their untreated sewage went straight into the narrow river that runs through it. The river was also heavily contaminated by nearby crafts workshops and tanneries — with chemicals such as chromium 3, which is lethal. People working in the tanneries were getting skin cancer, and some of them were dying. It was terrible. Obviously the river started to stink, so people started building walls to block the view. Then, because it became a health hazard, they covered it with concrete starting in 2002. And because it was covered, people began using that open space as trash yard.
Actually, the first covering began in 1952, when Morocco was still a French protectorate, but it was for political reasons — so that French colonial power could easily enter the medina and control the population. Then, as the population grew and Morocco became independent, covering happened because of the stench.
In your Fellows talk at TED2014, you showed how the water feeds into both public fountains and those in private courtyards. Do people actually use that water? Were they getting sick?
Of course they were, especially from the toxic chemicals dumped in the river by craftsmen. It became dangerous to drink from a running fountain. Besides, a series of droughts and excessive extraction from the water table left little water available for the medina water network. By the 1980s, most of the fountains had become defunct, yet they had been central to its urban fabric. Imagine if Rome had no more running fountains! Can you imagine La Seine or the Thames being suddenly covered? The Fez River is smaller in scale, but the effect is similar: a central part of the city was amputated. When I witnessed all this, I was in college at Columbia University in New York at the time. I would have been 19. I was outraged; I wrote an article in the newspaper and I received hate mail, because of course it made the city look bad. At the time, I was an aspiring engineer. But due to my age and lack of experience, I was not taken seriously.
Contaminated water will also have been entering your food supply, your groundwater. Of course! Yes! Yes and yes and repeatedly yes. It would pollute the water table, which feeds the most fertile agricultural basin of Morocco. But this didn’t upset anyone. Environmental protection is almost seen as a luxury in developing countries: economic development, health and education are understandably bigger priorities. It’s a different mentality in Morocco. I heard many times: “Look, we’re eating the food and we’re fine, hence nothing’s wrong!”
Many people are eating food exported from Morocco.
I know. And of course it’s not just Morocco — in so many emerging countries, you have high levels of environmental pollution, but you just don’t know about it as there is not much control or accountability. But the point is that if you uncover such a large-scale environmental hazard, even as an architect, you feel outraged and want to do something about it. So I decided, for my thesis, to propose re-envisioning the medina if the river were to be cleaned and uncovered.
My thesis took a slightly different approach to what I’m doing now. You see, the medina of Fez used to boast one of the oldest universities in North Africa, the Quarawiyine, but after Morocco’s independence in 1956, the government established an American style campus outside the city, which symbolized modernity. The university’s move caused the entire cultural life of the city to fade away. In my thesis, I proposed building a university in the medina, with the various departments to occupy the urban voids along the river. These voids had been created when the river was covered: houses were destroyed to make way for the heavy machinery required. My vision was that, once uncovered, the river would serve as a pleasant green feature, and its banks would be used as a circulation system linking the departments. Classrooms would be located in nearby abandoned buildings. The university model was unusual and innovative: it would be one of a heterogeneous network of buildings embedded within the medina’s urban fabric.
For me, bringing back the water and the university represented a double win. The university idea hasn’t happened yet, but working on this thesis allowed me to start thinking about the potential of the river for the city and its inhabitants. Many ideas I developed back then became a solid departure point for the actual project, which I started in 2007 in collaboration with my then-partner Takako Tajima.
Il programma TED Fellows sta cercando 20 innovatori multidisciplinari che vogliono cambiare il mondo da invitare a TEDGlobal 2014, che si terrà dal 2 all’11 Ottobre 2014, a Rio de Janeiro, in Brasile.
È possibile candidarsi fino al 18 aprile 2014. Presenta la tua candidatura oggi stesso! www.ted.com/fellows/apply
Chi può candidarsi?
Cerchiamo candidati diversi da quelli normalmente ricercati in altri programmi orientati alla leadership. Invece di imprenditori, professionisti, esperti di politica e ufficiali del governo, il programma TED Fellows si concentra su promotori, maker, inventori, artisti, registi e fotografi, musicisti e scienziati, imprenditori, responsabili di ONG e attivisti dei diritti umani. Cerchiamo fellow da tutte le discipline, basandoci sui risultati raggiunti in passato, sul potenziale impatto positivo del loro lavoro e sulla loro forza di carattere.
I candidati devono essere maggiorenni e padroneggiare l’inglese. I TED fellow sono una famiglia globale e rivolgiamo uno speciale invito ai candidati dell’America Latina a fare domanda per la fellowship di TEDGlobal 2014.
A proposito di TEDGlobal 2014
In quanto parte della fellowship di TEDGlobal 2014, i fellow si uniranno alla comunità TED a Rio de Janeiro, in Brasile, dal 6 al 10 ottobre 2014, dove assisteranno a TEDGlobal 2014 in qualità di partecipanti a tutti gli effetti. TEDGlobal sarà preceduto da una conferenza di tre giorni dedicata ai fellow, progettata appositamente per ispirare, responsabilizzare e sostenere il loro lavoro. Alla conferenza, i fellow usufruiranno di preziosi gruppi di lavoro per lo sviluppo delle proprie capacità e terranno un breve discorso alla comunità TED, che verrà filmato e preso in considerazione per TED.com. I fellow hanno diritto ad accedere alla conferenza, alle spese di viaggio di andata e ritorno per Rio de Janeiro, e all’alloggio per il periodo di TEDGlobal 2014, dal 2 all’11 ottobre 2014.
Il programma TED Fellowship
La Fellowship TED riunisce giovani innovatori di tutto il mondo perché condividano il loro lavoro, partecipino alla comunità TED e imparino nuove capacità. Ogni anno TED seleziona, attraverso un approfondito processo di candidature per la partecipazione alle conferenze TED o TEDGlobal, 40 individui di spicco provenienti da tutto il mondo. Alla conferenza TED i fellow partecipano ad un esclusivo incontro pre-conferenza in cui si incontrano, condividono idee, prendono parte a gruppi di lavoro e ricevono qualche piacevole sorpresa. Durante la conferenza, i TED fellow presentano anche un proprio intervento, un’opportunità senza eguali per diffondere le loro idee innovative.
Con una rete globale di 328 partecipanti, provenienti da 83 paesi, il programma di fellowship di TED è un vero e proprio centro nevralgico di innovazioni e collaborazioni interdisciplinari.
I benefit del programma di fellowship
Per la durata della loro fellowship, i fellow hanno pieno accesso agli eventi che organizziamo: partecipano inoltre a SupporTED, un programma professionale, gratuito, di coaching e mentoring. Possono inoltre collaborare con un esperto in pubbliche relazioni dedicato per condividere i loro risultati finali e hanno la possibilità di firmare un contratto con un editore o un organizzatore di conferenze. I TED fellow sono estremamente attivi in uno speciale network online privato che scaturisce in diverse collaborazioni interdisciplinari. Organizzano anche incontri regionali e convegni, così da lavorare sugli spunti nati durante la conferenza TED. I TED fellow hanno anche l’opportunità di candidarsi per una Senior Fellowship di due anni, a contatto con l’intera comunità TED.
Het TED Fellows Programma zoekt twintig multidisciplinaire wereldverbeteraars, om bij ons aan te sluiten op TEDGlobal 2014, van 2 tot 11 oktober 2014, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazillië.
Meld je vandaag aan! www.ted.com/fellows/apply
Aanmelden kan tot 18 april 2014
Wie kan aanmelden?
We zoeken naar andere deelnemers dan vele andere leiderschaps-geörienteerde programma’s. In plaats van zakenmensen, professionals, beleidsmakers en overheidsambtenaren, focust het TED Fellows-programma op doeners, makers, uitvinders, pleiters, filmmakers en fotografen, muzikanten en artiesten, wetenschappers, ondernemers, ngo-leidinggevenden en mensenrechten-activisten. We selecteren personen voor het TED Fellowship uit alle disciplines, gebaseerd op hun eerdere prestaties, op het potentieel van hun werk om een positieve impact te hebben en op basis van hun karaktersterkte.
Kandidaten moeten ouder zijn dan 18 en vloeiend Engels spreken. Het TED Fellows-programma is familie van de hele wereld en we moedigen vooral Latijns-Amerikaanse kandidaten aan om zich aan te melden voor het TEDGlobal 2014 fellowship.
Over TEDGlobal 2014
Voor het TEDGlobal 2014 fellowship sluiten Fellows aan bij de TED community in Rio de Janeiro, Brazilië van 6-10 oktober 2014, waar ze aan de volledige conferentie van TEDGlobal 2014 zullen deelnemen. Voorafgaand vindt een driedaagse Fellows-conferentie plaats, speciaal ontworpen om hun werk te inspireren, te bekrachtigen en te ondersteunen. Op de conferentie zullen Fellows waardevolle vaardigheidstrainingen krijgen en een korte talk geven aan de TED community. Deze wordt gefilmd en in beschouwing genomen voor publicatie op TED.com. Fellows krijgen toegang tot de conferentie, transport naar en logies in Rio de Janeiro, Brazilië van 2 tot 11 oktober 2014
Het TED Fellowship-programma
Het TED Fellowship brengt jonge vernieuwers uit de hele wereld samen om hun werk te delen, om deel te nemen aan de TED community en nieuwe vaardigheden te leren. Elk jaar selecteert TED 40 prominente mensen van over de hele wereld via een uitgebreid aanmeldingsproces om deel te nemen aan ofwel de TED of TEDGlobal-conferentie. Op de TED-conferentie nemen Fellows deel aan een exclusieve voor-conferentie waar ze elkaar ontmoeten, ideeën delen en hun vaardigheden aanscherpen op workshops waar hen een paar verrassingen te wachten staan. TED Fellows presenteren hun eigen TED Talk of de conferentie – een ongeëvenaarde kans om hun ongewone ideeën te delen.
Met een wereldnetwerk van 328 personen uit 83 landen is het TED Fellows-programma een centrum voor samenwerking en innovatie over vele disciplines.
Gedurende hun fellowship, hebben Fellows toegang tot onze lopende programma’s: zoals SupporTED, een kosteloos professioneel coaching- en mentoring-programma. Ze kunnen werken met een PR-expert die hen helpt hun laatste prestaties te delen en hebben de mogelijkheid om te tekenen bij een agent of boekagent. TED Fellows zijn uiterst actief in een speciaal afgeschermd online netwerk, waarbij samenwerking tussen disciplines mogelijk wordt gemaakt. Ze organiseren regionale ontmoetingen of retraites, voortbouwend op het vuur ontwikkeld op de TED Conferentie. TED Fellows hebben ook de kans om zich aan te melden voor een Senior Fellowship voor nog eens twee jaar engagement in de grotere TED community.
Word lid van: www.facebook.com/TEDFellow